One reason for this is a continuing gap in education and in the business climate in many developing countries. With large numbers of the labor force lacking access to education and job skills, the introduction of technology is serving to automate work and cost jobs for the poor while only creating opportunities for those with wealth and access to job training.Public sector investments in digital technologies, in the absence of accountable institutions, amplify the voice of elites, which can result in policy capture and greater state control, the report reads.And because the economics of the internet favor natural monopolies, the absence of a competitive business environment can result in more concentrated markets, benefiting incumbent firms.In addition to worsening economic divides, the report found that the unequal access to technology also leads to a decline in free elections, giving government regimes tools to rig elections in their favor.Rather than simply look to expand digital connectivity, the World Bank says, governments and institutions should invest in so-called analog factors including education, business growth and government oversight that will allow the growing connectivity to be used by a larger portion of the population and discourage abuse by government and powerful business groups.
We must continue to connect everyone and leave no one behind because the cost of lost opportunities is enormous, said World Bank Group president Jim Yong Kim.But for digital dividends to be widely shared among all parts of society, countries also need to improve their business climate, invest in people's education and health, and promote good governance. In case anyone doubted that their work communications can be legally monitored by their bosses, the European Court of Human Rights has now ruled that employers can indeed spy on online chats.The continent-wide ruling came at the end of a case involving Romanian engineer Bogdan Mihai Bărbulescu, who was dismissed in 2007 for communicating with his fiancée via Yahoo Messenger while at work, which violated his employer's internal policy.Bărbulescu claimed he used the chat service only for professional purposes. But his superiors showed him a transcript of his conversations on Yahoo Messenger, which included messages exchanged with his fiancée and his brother.After terminating his contract for breaking policy, the engineer claimed his bosses broke the law by violating his privacy. He reckoned emails and other electronic missives are protected by article eight of the convention on human rights, which safeguards citizens' private lives and correspondence.